Disability Rights vs. Disability Justice

“The term “disability justice” is often used interchangeably with terms such as “disability rights” and “disability inclusion.” Yet it’s important to recognize that “disability justice” refers to a very specific framework of thinking about disability.

Disability inclusion is a broad term to describe approaches to advance access and inclusion for disabled people. A disability justice approach centers the priorities and approaches of those most historically excluded groups, such as women, people of color, immigrants, and people who identify as LGBTQ+.”
Disability & Philanthropy Forum (emphasis added)


Infographic title is “disability rights versus disability justice.”
Infographic is blue and gold themed.
It is divided into half. The left side reads “disability rights” and the right side reads “disability justice”.
On the left is an icon of a man in a wheelchair. He is wearing a surgical mask and looking at his phone. There is no background. On the right is an icon of a woman in a wheelchair. The background depicts her in a room with a desk, bookshelf, potted plant, and window. She is looking at a laptop on the desk.

The text of the infographic is
Purpose of disability rights: Laws to prevent discrimination regardless of disability status. Purpose of disability justice: An intersectional movement working to achieve true equity. 
Who enacts it? Disability rights: Institutions and governments. Disability justice: Disability justice activists, organizers, and cultural workers. 
Who is represented? Disability rights: Primarily white people with mobility impairments. Disability justice: Disabled people of color, queers with disabilities, people with disabilities who are incarcerated, amongst others (Sins Invalid, 2019). 
What are the goals? Disability rights: Provide legally required accommodations for people with a defined medical disability. Disability justice: Provide an intersectional framework through which systems of exploitation can be truly dismantled. 
Core objectives. Disability rights: Work within the current system to make reasonable allowances for disabled people. Disability justice: Redesign entire systems to root out ableism, racism, homophobia, capitalism, racism, transmisogyny, police violence, excessive imprisonment, etc. 

Principles of disability justice: 1. Intersectionality 2. Leadership of Those Most Impacted 3. Anti-Capitalist Politics 4.Cross-Movement Solidarity 5. Recognizing Wholeness 6. Sustainability 7. Commitment to Cross-Disability Solidarity 8. Interdependence 9. Collective Access 10. Collective Liberation (Sins Invalid, 2015). 

Sins Invalid. (2019). 10 Principles of Disability Justice. Retrieved from https://code.as.ucsb.edu/the-10-principles-of-disability-justice/
Sins Invalid. (2019). Skin, tooth, and bone: The basis of movement is our people: A disability justice primer.
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