Continuity and Change in Community Leadership: The CommUniverCity Study

Principal Investigator:
A.J. Faas, Ph.D.

Project Team:
Chelsea Halliwell, Stephanie
Monterrosa, Jamieson Mockel,
DeDe Patterson, Ailea Scheffler,
and Elaine Foster

Project Partner:
Additional funding provided by the Laura Good Grant for Undergraduate ResearchCommUniverCity study

CommUniverCity is a collaborative partnership between the San José Council District Three neighborhoods (Comm), San José State University (Univer), and the City of San José (City). The San José Council District Three neighborhoods are home to roughly 96,000 residents, the majority (nearly 2/3) of whom have been identified as low income. This primarily Latino and immigrant community represents a key part of the shifting demographic profile of San José. District Three communities are also home to many grassroots leaders with ties to CommUniverCity and who have been engaged in protecting and developing their communities. Yet, as generations of community residents succeed one another, so too do generations of leadership. Concerned with the future of grassroots leadership in District Three, CommUniverCity has partnered with the Department of Anthropology at SJSU to develop a study of community leadership. Specifically, this study is designed to understand: (1) the attributes, capacities, and resources of established community leaders; (2) the attributes, capacities, and resources of emerging community leaders; (3) community leadership needs; and (4) the degree alignment between community leadership needs, established leadership, and emerging leadership. Ultimately, the study will attempt to determine how community members and leaders best work to foster the development of leadership to meet community needs. Because recent work on leadership has highlighted that there are different types of leaders in terms of the roles they play in the community network (e.g., conveners, thought leaders, and process facilitators), this study is designed to inductively determine what kinds of leaders exist in the community, what kinds of leaders are emerging, and the extent to which emerging leadership profiles correspond to established leadership profiles. Also, because leadership capacity is largely a product of community capacity and institutional and political contexts, this study will seek to identify the factors that facilitate or inhibit leadership capacities. Finally, because leadership capacities are appropriate to different needs, objectives, and contexts, this study will identify community needs and objects and explore the extent to which established and emerging leadership profiles correspond to these needs and objectives.

Living between Borders: Transnational Marriages and US Resettlement Patterns in Sudanese Refugee Populations

Principal Investigator:
DeDe Patterson
Partner Organization:
Hope with South Sudan
Faculty Sponsor:
A.J. Faas, Ph.D.
Description:dede patterson
Many Sudanese refugees who have resettled in the US have actively sought to maintain their unique cultural identity while simultaneously working to integrate into American society through the pursuit of formal higher education and successful careers. One of the most interesting developments within this population is the desire and persistence to have a Sudanese family in order keep their cultural heritage and identity. The process for marriage is economically tiresome, and due to strict immigration policies, often forces each family member to live transnational lives. Systems of trans-continental arranged marriages and married life allows Sudanese refugees to continue their cultural practices, to speak their native language within their home and community, and to create a Sudanese family that could one day return to South Sudan. Despite the economic strain these efforts have on the relationship between husband and wife, they can be culturally empowering to the members in this community and their families that live elsewhere in the world. Even decades after integration into American society, their ties to their homeland and to their people still remain a top priority in their lives. Efforts of resettlement and the attempts to continue cultural and social ties to their homeland despite time and distance is changing the face of the immigrant and the minority American, in addition to altering the role of family in Sudanese culture. The goals of this research are to describe and analyze the practice of transnational marriage and the extent that resettlement in the US is changing the role of women in Sudanese communities.

As a result of her study and collaboration with Hope with South Sudan, DeDe was invited to join the Board of Directors in August 2015.

Bok Kai Temple Cultural Heritage Documentation

Primary Investigators:
Michael Boero and Robert Gelbmike boreo

Faculty Sponsors:
Dr. Marco Meniketti

Project Background:   

Bok Kai Temple in Marysville, Ca. has served the Chinese
community in the region since 1856. The current temple
itself dates to the 1880s. Over the years Bok Kai has collected hundreds of artifacts related to Chinese culture, festivals, and spiritual practices. San Jose State was selected by the board of directors to carry out the task of archaeologically documenting the collection and helping to identify the origins, use, and cultural significance of the objects, which range from decorative temple objects to silk and embroidered Opera robes, and from hats to lamps.
The internship is providing a glimpse into Chinese material cultural heritage in early California. The Bok Kai temple is an active temple with weekly worshipers arriving to pray and leave offerings and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Documentation by SJSU students will lead to comprehensive digital archive and searchable database along with recommendations regarding preservation, curation and display for planned museum.

bok kai

The Skeletal Biology and Temporal Placement of Prehistoric Site: CA-SCL-204

Primary Investigators:
Jasmin Alexander and Alan Leventhal

Faculty Sponsors:
Dr. Charlotte Sunseri and Alan Leventhal

Project Background:Jasmin Alexander

In 1974 a San Jose State University and West Valley
College team of archaeological volunteers salvaged
approximately five burials from a site located in south
San Jose along Coyote Creek that had been designated CA-SCL-204. Since their recovery this small population of ancestral Muwekma Ohlone Indians had been inventoried by several people at SJSU however no comprehensive skeletal analysis had ever been conducted. As a result two students Jasmin Alexander and Colin Jaramillo enrolled in Leventhal’s Spring 2015 Anthropology 195 class along with one of our alumna Deniz Enverova have decided to undertake the skeletal biological analysis of this population. With permission from the Muwekma Ohlone Tribal leadership small samples from this population were sent to Dr. Eric Bartelink (CSU, Chico) for Stable Isotope, to Drs. Brian Kemp and Cara Monroe from Washington State University for Ancient DNA, and to Dr. Jelmer Eerkens at U.C. Davis for Strontium studies. A co-authored final report will publish the results on the skeletal analysis/inventory, stable isotope, ancient DNA, Strontium, C-14 (AMS) dating of these burials. This report will also include an ethnohistory of about the tribe’s relationship to the Santa Clara Valley region written by the Muwekma Ohlone Tribal Leadership.

College of Social Sciences Foundation Research Grant:
In order to temporally date the site Jasmin Alexander applied for a grant from the College of Social Sciences Research Foundation during the Spring 2015 semester. She was awarded $2000.00 for her research proposal and the resulting AMS dates will be posted here on this profile. The results from this collaborative study will also be presented at future professional conferences.

Information on Jasmin Alexander and Deniz Enverova
Jasmin Alexander is a graduating senior in Anthropology with interest in skeletal biology. She plans on going to graduate school for a Master’s degree in either Forensic Anthropology or Bioarchaeology. Towards the end of September/Early October, 2015 she plans on heading to Spain to attend a bio-archaeology field school addressing Roman Period occupation.

Deniz Enverova graduated SJSU in Anthropology (2008), completed her Master’s degree in archaeology at Bilkent University in Turkey, and recently excavated at Provadiya-Solnitsata in Bulgaria. Recently Deniz was accepted into the PhD Archaeology program at University of Notre Dame in Indiana. She will be focusing in on early old world Neolithic sites and skeletal biology.

The Analysis of the Archaeological Assemblage from Prehistoric Site CA-SCL-671

Primary Investigators:
Matthew Diez and Alan Leventhal
Anthropology 195 Class

Faculty Sponsors:
Dr. Marco Meniketti and Mr. Alan Leventhal

Matt diez

Background: In 1989 Alan Leventhal in conjunction with student volunteers and members from the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe and Amah Mutsun Tribal Band conducted an archaeological salvage program on a portion of prehistoric site CA-SCL-671, located in northern Morgan Hill at the historic Murphy Springs locality.

After obtaining a negative declaration from an Archaeological/Cultural Resource Management (CRM) firm the developer proceeded to construct a series of single family houses, thus unsuspectingly destroying a major portion of this site. After construction around the spring ceased the developer noticed an array of potential Native American artifacts in backdirt piles and he contacted Alan Leventhal for an assessment. Upon surveying the impacted areas of the site, Leventhal and Ohlone Indian tribal representatives from the two tribes began collecting many groundstone, flaked stone and formed artifacts such as large dart points from disturbed contexts. Based upon the types of archaeological artifacts recovered, the site had the potential of dating back to either Late Archaic and/or Early Bay time period (2000 – 4000 BC) [Which now dates over 8400 years].

Leventhal requested permission to place a series of test excavations within an area that was to set aside as a park and slightly away from the area of impact. Several of the excavation units yielded stratigraphic integrity that included the superposition of mortars and pestles, manos and metates and flaked stone artifacts. Current research conducted as part of Leventhal’s Anthropology 195 class includes the comprehensive analysis of the recovered archaeological assemblage, temporal dating of the identified strata, obsidian sourcing and hydration studies and the writing of a final report co-authored with Matthew Diez.

College of Social Sciences Foundation Research Grant:
In order to accomplish the C14 dating of stratigraphic living surfaces identified at this site, Anthropology Senior, Matthew Diez applied for a grant from the College of Social Sciences Foundation Research and was awarded $1350.00 for his research design. Four charcoal samples were submitted from two excavation units and the AMS dating results are as follows:
Unit 2 – 100-120 cm bs (below surface) – corrected date 1445 BC or 3458 yrs Before Present (BP)
Unit 1 – 120-140 cm bs – corrected date 2211 BC or 4224 BP
Unit 2 – 160-180 cm bs – corrected date 5549 BC or 7562 BP
Unit 1 – 200-220 cm bs – corrected date 6428 BC or 8441 BP

Since graduating in 2013 Matt has been employed with two Cultural Resource Management firms conducting archaeological surveys and excavation at Pacific Legacy and AMEC Environmental and Infrastructure. More recently he has been hired by the Northwest Information Center at Sonoma State University as a GIS Assistant verifying the mapping of archaeological sites through Geo-referencing, Geo-coding, database querying, and digitizatio