April 2018 Newsletter: Graduate Student Presents Work on S.F. Gentrification

Grad student Natalie Fakhreddine studied gentrification and the displacement of people of color in San Francisco’s Bayview Hunters Point. (Photo courtesy of Natalie Fakhreddine)

Grad student Natalie Fakhreddine studied gentrification and the displacement of people of color in San Francisco’s Bayview Hunters Point. (Photo courtesy of Natalie Fakhreddine)

By Melissa Anderson

When Natalie Fakhreddine took an urban and regional planning course last semester, she did not know it would lead her to Chicago this spring. The master’s student researched gentrification and the displacement of people of color in San Francisco’s Bayview Hunters Point neighborhood for her final paper in the Social Issues in Planning class taught by Assistant Professor Gordon Douglas.

“The class and research I conducted throughout the semester was very insightful,” she said, noting that Douglas encouraged her to submit her paper for the Chicago Ethnography Conference.

Fakhreddine said she first became interested in studying the Bayview Hunters Point neighborhood after seeing an uptick in development in the area. Through her research, she said she “was astounded to learn of BVHP’s history, and the consequences the community is facing as a result of widespread gentrification.” She discovered that while the neighborhood had seen an economic boost in recent years, long-time residents had not benefited from the new influx of luxury developments.

“When I found out my paper was accepted for the conference, the entire department was incredibly excited for me and helped me get prepared,” she said. “It was a great opportunity to meet passionate and bright students from across the country who are studying a variety of disciplines.”

As a shy person who doesn’t like public speaking, she said presenting at the conference took her out of her comfort zone.

“This experience was a great networking opportunity that allowed me to gain insight into the world of academia,” she said. “I was able to get a lot of really constructive feedback on my research through professors and students from a wide variety of disciplines. I left Chicago inspired and excited to continue pursuing my research in new ways I wasn’t aware of before.”

April 2018 Newsletter: English Professor Heading to U.K. University on Fulbright

Cathleen Miller, associate professor of English at SJSU, will be the first Distinguished Chair of the Humanities at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom. (Photo: James Tensuan, '15 Journalism)

Cathleen Miller, associate professor of English at SJSU, will be the first Distinguished Chair of the Humanities at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom. (Photo: James Tensuan, ’15 Journalism)

By David Goll

In a career already full of awards, honors and many accomplishments, Cathleen Miller, associate professor of English at San Jose State University, has received a prestigious Fulbright award and will conduct research into the phenomenon of women’s migration throughout the world.

As part of her honor from the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board, Miller will serve as the first Distinguished Chair of the Humanities at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom from September 2018 through March 2019. The university is the largest in the U.K., with 40,000 students.

“Just getting the award is an honor, but to be the first person to hold this position is an amazing feeling,” Miller said, of being selected for the award that has a lengthy application process. “I’m still totally shocked.”
Along with her research, Miller will participate in another first for the university: teaching its inaugural class in creative nonfiction writing. It is her specialty at SJSU, where she teaches in the Master of Fine Arts (MFA) program.

Miller has taught at SJSU since 2004, after teaching stints at the University of San Francisco and Moraga’s Saint Mary’s College of California. She also serves as editor-in-chief of the 151-year-old Reed Magazine, the oldest literary journal in the western United States. Since 2015, she has directed SJSU’s Center for Literary Arts, a program founded in 1986 that has brought five Nobel Prize winners, 16 winners of the National Book Award and 34 recipients of the Pulitzer Prize to campus.

Dr. Noelle Brada-Williams, chair of SJSU’s Department of English and Comparative Literature, was not surprised Miller won this award.

“I am so proud of Professor Miller becoming the first Distinguished Chair of the Humanities at the University of Manchester,” she said. “I think her Fulbright is very well-deserved. She has made a name for herself writing about the rights of women …”

“Miller’s research on migration couldn’t be more topical and timely,” Brada-Williams said, given the huge numbers of refugees generated by the Syrian civil war and exodus of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar, among other conflicts. According to the United Nations, 255 million people migrate worldwide annually.

“I hope her work will help her readers understand the refugee experience and gain insight into what our collective responsibility is in responding to our shared humanitarian crisis,” Brada-Williams said.

Miller’s distinguished academic career might have come as a surprise to her grandfather, who was less than supportive when she declared during her rural Missouri childhood she wanted to attend college. Her grandparents ran a small post office and her father worked at the McDonnell Douglas aerospace manufacturing plant in St. Louis.

She did enter college, becoming an art major at Southeast Missouri State University. In mid-career, she earned a Master’s of Fine Arts degree from Pennsylvania State University.

In the tradition of Southern writers, Miller, who considers herself a daughter of the South, is a successful author whose work has been translated into 55 languages. Among her books is Champion of Choice, the 2013 biography of Dr. Nafis Sadik of Pakistan, former executive director of the U.N. Population Fund and special advisor to the United Nations secretary general who went on to be a special advisor to the UN secretary general and a special envoy for HIV/AIDS in Asia. Twenty years ago, Miller published Desert Flower, the story of Somali nomad Waris Dirie, who became a model, then an activist who shared her experience with female genital mutilation. It was later adapted as a feature film shown in 34 countries.

Miller is also a passionate travel writer whose work has taken her to more than 30 countries. Her work has appeared in the Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Chicago Tribune and Washington Post.

She’s most passionate about the welfare of women, especially those forced to leave their homes by war, political and economic strife. Miller said she looks forward to gaining a new perspective on the issue during her fellowship in England.

“I think the whole topic of migration in general is important to understand because it stems from widespread political and economic unrest, and is creating challenges in the nations on the receiving end as to how to accommodate and assimilate these populations arriving on their shores,” she said. “Women are much more vulnerable in this process — to exploitation, violence, sexual assault and trafficking, and we need to understand why they have risked so much to immigrate.”

In addition to her research, Miller remains a dedicated teacher. She wants her students to become marketable upon earning their degrees. She instructs them on how to compose book proposals for publishers, create business cards and have “author” pages on Facebook.

“We work on creating their identity as a writer,” she said.

She has a devoted following of current and former students.

“Professor Miller is present for her students,” said Sharon Simonson, a veteran journalist who served as managing editor of Reed Magazine. “She demands accountability, but she’s also nurturing. I think she has tremendous aspirations for SJSU’s MFA writers, which are expressed in her aspirations for the MFA program, Reed Magazine and the Center for Literary Arts.”

April 2018 Newsletter: Nationwide Initiative Tackles Impact of ‘Digital Polarization’

Dr. Melinda Jackson, chair of the SJSU Digital Polarization Initiative Committee, says:

Dr. Melinda Jackson, chair of the SJSU Digital Polarization Initiative Committee, says: “It’s good for all of us to become critical consumers of information.” (Photo: James Tensuan, ’15 Journalism)

By David Goll

Two years ago, few Americans had heard of “digital polarization” — including today’s “digital native” college students. But the topic has become so important, it’ll be the subject of new curriculum and research at 11 campuses nationwide next fall, including San Jose State University.

The schools are participating in “Digital Polarization: Promoting Online Civic Literacy,” a project from the American Association of State Colleges and Universities. SJSU is the only California university in the group that includes Washington State University, Vancouver; Metropolitan State University in Denver; Texas A&M University, Central Texas; Indiana University, Kokomo; the University of North Carolina, Charlotte; and The City University of New York, among other schools.

According to the AASCU, the “DigiPo” initiative is an effort to supply college students with the skills to “combat digital polarization and fake news.” The issue grew out of the contentious, controversial 2016 presidential election and is tailor-made for political science students, according to Dr. Melinda Jackson, co-chair of the SJSU Digital Polarization Initiative Committee and chair of the Department of Political Science. It also touches on other areas of study, such as health and science.

“Fake news is certainly in the news,” Jackson said. “There has always been propaganda. What’s different today is the speed and reach of information because of the internet and social media. The internet has created a certain amount of democratization of information, but there’s also a downside. We’re all more likely to find information credible if we agree with it. It’s good for all of us to become critical consumers of information.”

As a political “psychologist,” Jackson said she teaches her students how emotions can affect voting behavior.

The SJSU committee also includes faculty and staff from the library and housing departments. The group is exploring how to incorporate instructional materials into curriculum, create outreach efforts and convene discussion groups on campus, including in university residence halls. Other committee members are Tom Moriarty, English professor and director of the Writing Across the Curriculum program; Kathleen McConnell, associate professor in the Department of Communication Studies; and Darrien Rice, assistant director for Academic Initiatives.

Jackson is seeking additional SJSU faculty members interested in incorporating web literacy instruction into their classes beginning in fall 2018.

Ann Agee, senior assistant librarian and online learning librarian at the university’s Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library is co-chair of the SJSU initiative committee along with Jackson. Agee said her involvement with the subject dates to January 2017. When working with the Department of English and Comparative Literature, she learned of a Stanford History Education Group study in which a majority of high school and college students in that project were unable to discern between credible information and misinformation. They even had trouble distinguishing between advertisements and news articles.

“They did not do well,” Agee said. “When you consider the effect of fake news, it can destroy trust. Civilization is based on trust. At some point, we have to trust individuals and institutions. Looking at the 2016 election, Russian bots attacked the foundations of democratic institutions. And when people share fake news on social media, they destroy their own credibility online.”

Agee said instruction this fall should include how students can learn to evaluate information and avoid sketchy information sources, how to employ critical thinking techniques and how to “intervene” by exposing faulty information online. Jackson said committee members are now brainstorming curriculum content and how best to roll it out. Program data will be collected and analyzed at the end of the semester.

Helping students become discerning consumers of online information has become a high priority in the library world, Agee said. At the biennial meeting of the California Academic & Research Libraries Association in April, Agee presented on the subject — one of five sessions on fake news.

Mike Caulfield, director of Blended and Networked Learning at the Vancouver, Wash., campus of Washington State University, is leading the nationwide digital polarization initiative and has developed curriculum that will be piloted this fall. SJSU’s team will evaluate the lessons and build upon it.

“What we’ve found is giving students a few simple techniques to verify and investigate the information that comes to them in their daily feeds can make a massive difference,” he said in an AASCU press release. “The trick is giving students the right skills — skills for 2018, not 1998.”

Jackson said it’s crucial to do so.

“No question students today are not as knowledgeable about credible sources of journalism and information,” she said. “Most students get their information online, and frequently from social media, Instagram, Twitter and Facebook. Informational literacy is a huge issue in the 21st century.”

April 2018 Newsletter: Students Head to CSU Research Competition

 Jeffrey Tseng, an economics graduate student, shared a summary of his research into selecting radiology students. (Photo: Melissa Anderson)

Jeffrey Tseng, an economics graduate student, shared a summary of his research into selecting radiology students. (Photo: Melissa Anderson)

By David Goll

With projects ranging from the creation of a snakebite anti-venom to a study of the impacts of gentrification on LGBTQ seniors, 10 San Jose State University students are taking their work on to a statewide contest against their California State University peers. The students who worked as individuals or as teams on the eight winning projects of SJSU’s Student Research Competition were honored at the 39th Annual Student Research Forum April 17, where they shared presentations and posters about their work. They will be competing in the 32nd Annual California State University Student Research Competition May 4 and 5 in Sacramento.

The SJSU projects will be among more than 200 projects from throughout the 23-campus CSU system with first and second place winners selected in 10 categories.

“I am amazed every year at the diversity of projects in our campus competition,” said Gilles Muller, SJSU associate dean of research.

He’s been involved in the student research event as the associate dean, a judge, or as a faculty member of the Department of Chemistry for more than 10 years.

“I really enjoy it and frequently learn about topics I know little about. It inspires me to research more about these subjects.”

In the SJSU competition, students were judged on a variety of criteria including appropriateness of methodology, interpretation of results, oral presentation and ability to answer questions from judges and audience members. Chemical engineering graduate student Israel Juarez Contreras will be taking his “Expression of Snake Anti-venom Peptide Chain in PichiaPastoris” research project to the competition.

His research yielded a finding that a protein present in opossums can neutralize toxic components in snake venom and can be economically stored and grown in methylotrophic yeast, making it a considerably cheaper option than available anti-venom drugs. He started his research nearly two years ago. Contreras said this would be particularly valuable in places like India and nations in sub-Saharan Africa, where anti-venom drugs are expensive and less available than in the United States. He said a research collaborator in India told him his discovery could reduce anti-venom costs to $1 or $2 per dose. One recent news article places the current price at $7 or more a dose. According to the World Health Organization, 500,000 people either die or suffer permanent disability from snake bites annually worldwide, Contreras said.

“When I got here (to San Jose State), I realized how awesome the resources are here,” Contreras told a gathering of fellow winners, faculty mentors and others at the 39th Annual Student Research Forum April 17 in the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library. “That includes a great faculty. I realized I had much greater opportunity to do research here than at a UC (University of California) school.”

Another student researcher also hopes to have an impact on medical treatment. Potential beneficiaries of research by Vandana Kannan, a computer science graduate student from India, could be young children and the elderly. Kannan said her “Text-to-Image Synthesis” project examines how to create software to convert written text into images, making it easier for medical professionals to explain treatment options. She proposes using machine-learning algorithms to retrieve images from online repositories and genetic algorithms to create a collage of retrieved images.

Simon Jarrar was also considering his elders in his research into “Lost Legacies: An Evaluation of the Impact of Gentrification on LGBTQ Elderly Communities in the Bay Area.”

Jarrar, a graduate student in applied anthropology who is from Orange County, said the Bay Area’s astronomical cost of housing has an impact on most of its residents.

“But usually you hear about its effects on young people,” he said.

Jarrar decided to examine how older lesbian and gay residents from San Francisco, the East Bay and San Jose have fared during the high tech-induced high prices of the 21st century. He interviewed several people to determine if their social networks, community and political connections and living situations have been affected by gentrification. He also asked what strategies they employ to “age in place” in one of the nation’s priciest real estate markets.

Other winning projects moving on to CSU competition include:

  • Kelly Cricchio, art and art history: “Invisible Women: The Casa dell Zitelle and Female Patronage in Early Modern Venice.”
  • Vijay Lalith Cuppala, mechanical engineering: “An Investigation into the Deformation Properties of Clamped Concrete Filled Steel Tubes.”
  • Revathy Devaraj, Qi Li and Unnikrishnan Sreekumar, computer engineering and software engineering: “Real-time Traffic Pattern Collection and Analysis Model.”
  • Khiem Pham, computer science: “An Approximate Algorithm for Spectral Clustering Based on the Bipartite Graph Model.”
  • Jeffrey Tseng, economics: “Radiology Resident Selection and Performance Prediction: Can We Do Better?”

Social Work Professor selected for NIH Review Committee

Dr. Laurie Drabble

Dr. Laurie Drabble

Dr. Laurie Drabble, a professor in the School of Social Work in the College of Applied Sciences and Arts, has been selected to serve as a member of the National Institutes of Health’s Center for Scientific Review Community Influences on Health Behavior Study Section. She will begin her term on July 1 and serve through June 2022. Through her service, Dr. Drabble will have the opportunity to contribute to the national biomedical research effort.

According to a message from Richard Nakamura, the director for the Center for Scientific Review, members are selected based on their demonstrated competence and achievements in their scientific discipline as evidenced by the quality of research accomplishments, publications in scientific journals, and other significant scientific activities, achievements and honors.

During her tenure, she will review grant applications submitted to the NIH, make recommendations to the appropriate NIH national advisory council or board and survey the status of research in her disciplines. Nakamura said these functions are of great value to medical and allied research in this country.